Most homes have a medicine cabinet containing basic drugs and supplies that can provide relief for minor health problems, but very few include supplies for the treatment of dental problems. As a result, when a dental emergency happens, proper first aid treatment is not applied right away, causing major problems later on. This is why it is very important to attend to this and not wait until the need arises before you go shopping for your necessary dental supplies.
For a start, you can fill up your dental first aid kit with a topical solution to relieve toothaches, a vial where you can place a dislodged tooth so you can bring it to your dentist if there is a possibility to save it, a temporary filling in case you lose yours or if your crown loosens, and an applicator tip.
You should also take time to learn some first aid treatments that will help ease your condition and save your teeth from further damage while waiting for your dentist. Here is what you should do when you encounter these common oral problems.
Inspect where the ache is coming from. There could be food lodged there that is causing the pain. If so, remove it with dental floss, brush your teeth, and place a cold compress over it. If the pain does not subside, take an aspirin or other over-the-counter painkillers to give you temporary relief. See your doctor if the pain persists.
Fractured and/or Broken Tooth
Clean the area by brushing your teeth and gargling with an antiseptic mouthwash. If you feel any pain, place an ice pack over it or take an aspirin. If you can find the broken tooth (or pieces of it), keep it and bring it to your dentist as he may be able to attach it back.
Knocked Out Tooth
Some may consider this as a hopeless case, but you can actually save the tooth if you follow this first aid treatment: Pick up the tooth by the tip (not the root) and place it in a vial that contains either milk or your saliva. Go to your dentist immediately, preferably within the hour, so that he can find the means to re-attach it.
Sores can be caused by trauma, like when you accidentally bite the inside of your cheek or your braces keep rubbing against the inside of your mouth. Again, a cold compress can lessen the pain. You must also clean your mouth because food debris can irritate those sores. If the sore is caused by a herpes simplex virus, try gargling with a warm salt solution. It has an antiseptic effect that can kill the virus and stop it from spreading.
Remember, these are all just first aid treatments, which means that they only provide a temporary solution to the problem. Even if you feel better in the morning, it is still advisable that you see your dentist so that proper diagnosis and treatment can be done and prevent further damages on your teeth and gums.